Now we will explore the auditory realm in our ongoing questioning.
We're not sure when or where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed his Piano Sonata No. 11 in A Major, K. 331 -- most likely in Austria in the early 1780's. The third movement of this sonata is known as "Rondo alla Turca" or the Turkish Round. In the classical Rondo form, short refrains alternate repeatedly with short episodes or distractions. Mozart was inspired by the sound of Turkish military music, particularly the music of the Janissaries (from the Turkish Yeniçeri meaning "new recruit"), which was popular in Europe at that time. Janissary music is the fast, spirited and raucous musical expression of new converts to Islam going off to battle for their beliefs and causes.
In 1959 -- about 180 years after Mozart composed his Rondo, about 135 years after the Ottoman Sultan abolished the Janissaries, about 40 years after the end of the Ottoman Empire -- Dave Brubeck was still inspired by both Janissary music and Mozart, and he composed Blue Rondo A La Turk. It is written in 9/8 time, the unusual meter of the Turkish military music.
None of this story is really important to the assignment. Listen to the music.
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